SPINGARN, two U.S. brothers of wide intellectual interests, both devoted to the development of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. JOEL ELIAS SPINGARN (1875–1939) was a literary scholar and champion of African-American integration. The son of an immigrant Austrian merchant, Spingarn was born in New York. His doctoral thesis, A History of Literary Criticism in the Renaissance (1899), was widely acclaimed by scholars, and he thereafter had a successful academic career at Columbia University, becoming professor of comparative literature at the age of 24. With Critical Essays of the Seventeenth Century, a three-volume work which he edited in 1908, he established himself as a recognized exponent of the "New Criticism," which judged art on its own terms. However, a clash with Columbia's president, N.M. Butler, led to his dismissal in 1910. The correspondence between the two men was published a year later as A Question of Academic Freedom. Although he continued to publish literary criticism, Spingarn never returned to academic work. He wrote The New Criticism (1911) and Creative Criticism (1917). In 1919, on his return from war service in France, he helped to found the publishing firm of Harcourt, Brace and Howe, whose editorial consultant he remained until 1932. He edited Scholarship and Criticism in the United States (1922), wrote Poems (1924), and then retired to his home in Amenia, New York, where he became an authority on flower cultivation and issued the Troutbeck Leaflets (1924–31), occasional literary papers. One of the founders of the NAACP and its chairman from 1913 through to 1919, Spingarn was president of the association at the time of his death. In the association, he served as a bridge between the integrationists and the Black nationalists, led by W.E.B. Du Bois, editor of the NAACP's magazine Crisis. Although ideologically Spingarn was an integrationist, his friendship with and admiration for Du Bois allowed him to work with the editor until Du Bois resigned in 1934. ARTHUR BARNETT SPINGARN (1878–1971) was a prominent lawyer active in the New York City Bar Association. His interest in questions of the black man led him to begin an extensive collection of Black literature, which he gave to Howard University. Resigning his position in the Bar Association in 1966, Spingarn, as honorary president of the NAACP, continued to support the organization and the cause for which he and his brother had worked. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Howard University, Libraries, Dictionary Catalog of the Arthur B. Spingarn Collection of Negro Authors (1970); E. Rudwick, W.E.B. Du-Bois (1960); Crisis, passim; New York Times (July 27, 1939, July 14, 1958, Jan. 3, 1966). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Van Deusen, J.E. Spingarn (1971). (Richard Cohen)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Spingarn — may refer to:*Joel Elias Spingarn (1875 1939), American educator, literary critic and civic activist. *Arthur Spingarn (1878 1971), brother of Joel Elias Spingarn *Spingarn Medal, annual award for outstanding achievement by an African American …   Wikipedia

  • Spingarn — Porté par des Juifs askhénazes, le nom devrait désigner un fileur ou un filateur (allemand spinnen = filer + Garn = fil) …   Noms de famille

  • Spingarn High School — Joel Elias Spingarn High School is a public high school located in the District of Columbia. The school is named after Joel Elias Spingarn (1875–1939) an American educator and literary critic who established (1913) the Spingarn Medal, awarded… …   Wikipedia

  • Spingarn Medal — The Spingarn Medal is awarded annually by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for outstanding achievement by a African American.The award, which consists of a gold medal, was created by Joel Elias Spingarn,… …   Wikipedia

  • Spingarn Medal — La (en)« Spingarn Medal » est une récompense remise annuellement par la NAACP pour des réalisations extraordinaires effectuées par des Afro Américains. Notes (en) Cet article est partiellement ou en totalité issu de l’article en anglais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Spingarn — /spin gahrn/, n. Joel Elias, 1875 1939, U.S. literary critic, publisher, and editor. * * * …   Universalium

  • Spingarn — /spin gahrn/, n. Joel Elias, 1875 1939, U.S. literary critic, publisher, and editor …   Useful english dictionary

  • Spingarn,Joel Elias — Spin·garn (spĭnʹgärn ), Joel Elias. 1875 1939. American poet and critic. He was a founder (1909) and president (1930 1939) of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. * * * …   Universalium

  • Joel Elias Spingarn — (May 17, 1875 July 26, 1939) was an American educator, literary critic and civic activist. BiographySpingarn was born in New York City and was professor of comparative literature at Columbia University from 1899 to 1911. He was dimissed by the… …   Wikipedia

  • Moorland-Spingarn Research Center — The Moorland Spingarn Research Center (MSRC) is recognized as one of the world s largest and most comprehensive repositories for the documentation of the history and culture of people of African descent in Africa, the Americas, and other parts of …   Wikipedia

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